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Australian Dictionary of Biography

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Garlick, Daniel (1818–1902)

by Gavin Walkley

This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 4, (MUP), 1972

Daniel Garlick (1818-1902), architect, was baptized on 22 January 1818 at Uley, Gloucestershire, England, son of Moses Garlick, plasterer and weaver, and his wife Rachel, née Smith. His father had seen active service at Vittoria, Salamanca and Corunna in the Peninsular wars; after his wife died he decided to migrate to South Australia with his sons Daniel, Thomas and William. They sailed in the Katherine Stewart Forbes and arrived in the new colony on 17 October 1837.

Daniel and his father ran a business as builders and timber merchants in Kermode Street, North Adelaide, until the early 1850s when a deterioration in Daniel's health led to a change. His father bought some 450 acres (182 ha) east of Smithfield, about fifteen miles (24 km) from Adelaide, and with his three sons grew wheat, planted a vineyard and made wine. After their father died about 1860, Thomas and William remained on the farm but Daniel began business as an architect in Gawler. About 1862 he married Lucy King; she died on 26 July 1871 leaving three sons.

Garlick designed many churches and banks in townships north of Adelaide and in 1864 was described as an architect and land and estate agent with offices in Adelaide. Among the buildings which he designed in and around Adelaide in the 1860s and 1870s are the original buildings of Prince Alfred College, St Barnabas College, part of the Collegiate School of St Peter where the original buildings had been designed by others, and the south wing of Adelaide Town Hall. The colleges are in the fashionable neo-Gothic of the time but elsewhere his designs reveal an ability to turn to other styles then current. As the practice expanded, Herbert Louis Jackman, who had served his apprenticeship with Garlick, was his partner until 1899. In 1891 Daniel's son Arthur (b.1863) joined the firm, 'the business to be carried on at the present offices of H. L. Jackman in Argent Street, Broken Hill'. When the South Australian Institute of Architects was established in 1886, Daniel was prominent among those who founded it. He was its second president, holding office in 1892-1900.

Garlick gave brief service in local government. He was chairman of the district council of Munno Para East in 1855-60 and represented Robe ward in the Adelaide City Council in 1868-70, but he was obliged to discontinue this work to devote all his time to his practice. He was a sidesman of Christchurch, North Adelaide, where he attended for many years. Garlick died aged 84 in North Adelaide on 28 September 1902. He was survived by his second wife Mary Rebecca (1832?-1912), a widow whom he had married on 29 September 1877, and by a son and a daughter. He left an estate worth £1150.

A bust sculptured by Jackman is held by Jackman, Gooden, Scott & Swan, architects of Adelaide.

Select Bibliography

  • Observer (Adelaide), 29 Sept 1902
  • Council minutes (South Australian Institute of Architects)
  • partnership records (State Records of South Australia).

Citation details

Gavin Walkley, 'Garlick, Daniel (1818–1902)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, published first in hardcopy 1972, accessed online 22 September 2020.

This article was first published in hardcopy in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 4, (MUP), 1972

View the front pages for Volume 4

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